Lesson Purpose:

To help the student recognize and understand the chemical reaction that occurs in the brain while sitting under cross examination and develop a strategy to control its negative affects.

Training Objectives:

At the end of this block of instruction, the student will be able to achieve the following objectives:

1. Have a working knowledge of the affect of directive leading questions have on the brain during cross examination.

2. Understand and recognize two of the prevalent manners in which these affects manifest themselves in a witness during cross examination.

3. Develop methods to negate those negative stressful affects during cross examination.


Medina, John, Brain Rules 12 Principles for Surviving
and Thriving at Work, Home and School
, Pear Press

Lyles, Terry PHD., Performance Under Pressure, SWC
Press 2019.

Georgina Gous, and Jaqueline M. Wheatcroft,
Leading Questions and Preparation Technique Effects
on Witness Accuracy
, Sage, January – March 2020.